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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Unsolicited manuscripts pertaining to any of the topics within the journal's scope are welcome and may be submitted to the journal. Contributions should fall within the broad scope of the journal, as outlined in the statement of scope and focus. We welcome contributions that engage with debates from previously published articles in the journal.

Research articles and critical notes/discussions are subject to double-blind peer review.

This journal does not charge APCs or submission charges.

The Journal of Global Buddhism publishes material in the following three categories:

  1. Research Articles (5,000–8,000 words)
  2. Discussions and Critical Notes (2,000 words or less)
  3. Book Reviews
We also welcome submissions of "Special Focus" and "Symposium" concepts (see below).

Research Articles

Research Articles will present original research in any of the areas under the journal's list of Subject Classifications. Contributors are welcome to contact the editors beforehand to discuss proposals or for guidance regarding the sorts of topics which are suitable for publication in the journal. Research articles will be subject to double blind peer review by appropriate members of the editorial board or external evaluators selected at the editors' discretion. Papers should generally be no longer than 8,000 words (inclusive of footnotes, bibliography and notes on contributors), unless permission for a longer submission has been granted in advance by the editors.

"Special Focus" sections

We welcome proposals for special themed sections (akin to special issues) that address the journal's scope. (See submission guidelines below.)

Discussions and Critical Notes

Generally 2,000 words or fewer, discussions and critical notes may reflect a variety of applications. They may be mini-research articles, interim reports on research in progress, or proposals for future research. They may also be used to comment on or respond to research published in the journal and elsewhere.

"Symposia" sections

"Symposia" can be thought of "Special Focus lite": they are collections of submissions on a specific theme, but they are shorter in format. Symposium essays are roughly equivalent to our "Discussions and Critial Notes" and should be no longer than 2,000 words. The format is especially suited for commentary or discussion of topical issues, a particular scholar's work, or a significant publication.

Book Reviews

As appropriate, the journal will publish reviews of various materials addressing issues which are included under the journal's Subject Classifications. Typical length 1,200–1,500. Longer reviews of over 5,000 may be published as Review Essays at the discretion of the book review editor and the general editors. Publishers or others wishing to have books, audio tapes, videotapes, software or other publications in any media reviewed should send copies for consideration to the book review editor.


All submissions should be preceded by a header on a separate page containing the title of the manuscript, the name(s) of the author(s), ORCIDs for all authors, any affiliations, email addresses, and telephone numbers.

The header should be formatted as in the following example:

a) Title: Title of Submission
b) Author(s): A.N. Author (please include all author ORCIDs)
c) Word length: 6,500 words
d) Date of submission: 1 November 1994
e) Address:
    Name of Institution
    Name of Department
    Full Postal Address
    Email Address
    Telephone Number

Please include an abstract of no more than 150 words after the header, as well several keywords, separated by semicolons. Authors should anonymize the body of their manuscript, removing references to themselves in the text as well as document metadata. If it is unclear what is entailed, please consult the journal editors. If you have used a special diacritic font please give the name (e.g., Indic Transliterator, CS Bitstream Charter, etc). For transliteration issues, see the JGB Style Guide, below.

Note: authors of accepted manuscripts assign to the Journal of Global Buddhism the right to publish the text both electronically and in any other format and to make it available permanently in an electronic archive.

Guidelines for "Special Focus" sections

Special Focus sections appear within the general volume of the year in which they are published but are grouped under their own heading and usually include a substantive introduction by the guest editor(s). All submissions with be peer reviewed individually in the normal way, and the Editors reserve the right to reject some articles and accept others. Proposals for special sections should be made to the managing editor ( by email and should include as attachments:

  • A proposal by the guest editor(s) outlining the significance of the themes and issues covered and demonstrating the intellectual coherence of the various contributions in relation to those themes and issues (700-1,000 words).
  • A complete set of the proposed articles, including abstracts and keywords. Contributions should conform to the journal's house style, as detailed in the Style Guide below.
  • A list of author details, including name, email, and affiliation.

When the proposal is provisionally accepted, the next step is for all essays, including the introductory essay, to be submitted for blind review. These should be made directly to the editors rather than using the online submission system. The introductory essay should not only de-identify the author of the essay itself, but identities of all the contributors should be hidden by using designations such as ‘Author 1’, ‘Author 2’, etc. At this stage the guest editor should also provide the managing editor by email with a list of two recommended referees for each submission. As guest-editor(s), it is understood that you will:

  • Solicit and vet articles for relevance for consideration in the special focus section.
  • Recommend two referees per article to meet the standards of the journal's double-blind peer review process. The Editors reserve the right to choose alternative reviewers.
  • Undertake the majority of contributor liaison, including advising authors of review outcomes and necessary revisions, and informing contributors when their pieces have been published.
  • Check revised articles to ensure quality and that authors have addressed referee concerns.
  • Edit articles to ensure that they generally comply with the house style. Final copy editing and proofing of the issue will be undertaken by members of the editorial team, but it is the responsibility of the guest editor to ensure the overall quality and consistent formatting of articles.
  • Provide a substantial introduction for the special issue (at least 2,000–3,000 words, ranging up to a maximum of 7.500 words).

After publication of the special focus section, the names of guest editors will appear on the home page of the current issue as well as in the journal archive.

Guidelines for "Symposium" sections

For the most part, the procedures for proposal and submission of Symposia is the same as for "Special Focus" sections (see above). However, due to the shorter format, one peer reviewer will normally review all the essays.

Book Review Policy

Reviewers are generally chosen by the editor. Scholars who are interested in reviewing a book that is listed on the book review page without a specified reviewer, or who wish to review a book not currently listed, should contact the book review editor. While the JGB does accept unsolicited book reviews and is open to receiving curriculum vitae from potential reviewers, the decision to print reviews or to use particular reviewers rests solely with the JGB.

Reviews will communicate to specialists and non-specialists the scope of the book's content, assess its major points and contributions, and provide a reasoned judgment of its worth. In keeping with proper scholarly method, any critique should be directed at an author's work. Reviews that contain materials considered to be directed towards an author's character or that are considered to be potentially libelous will be rejected. The JGB will be the final arbiter in all cases.

When you have agreed to review a volume for us, please discuss a realistic submission date with the book review editor. The JGB aims at publishing book reviews within three months of the time you have received the volume under review. We realize that this is not always possible, but it has proven to be a good rule of thumb. Occasionally, reviews may have to be reassigned or dropped. Reviews that do not meet the JGB's professional standards or that fail to conform to conditions agreed upon by the reviewer and editor will be rejected. All such decisions are at the sole discretion of the JGB.

Reviews may be of any length, however, they will typically not be less than 1,000 words nor more than 5,000. Many reviewers find a length of 1,500 to 2,500 words about right. Reviews of more than 5,000 words will be considered review articles and screened by both the book review editor and the general editors of the JGB.

After your review has been copyedited, it will be returned to you for a final proofreading. Please be especially careful in proofreading any transliterations in your review. We ask that, before you submit a review to our editors, you ensure that Sanskrit and Japanese words are in the JGB's transliteration format (see Journal Style Guide, below).

Please do not submit drafts or incomplete articles or reviews. While minor changes are permitted during final proofreading, JGB policy does not allow changes to an article after it has been published on the site.

Headers should be set up as in the following example:

The Selfless Mind: Personality, Consciousness and in Early Buddhism. By Peter Harvey. London: Curzon Press, 1995, viii + 293 pages, ISBN 0-7007-0337-3 (paperback), £14.99; ISBN 0-7007-0338-1 (cloth).

Reviewed by
Rupert Gethin
Lecturer in Indian Religions
University of Bristol

References should be cited in the body of the review. Where you quote from the book you are reviewing, refer to an author's argument or a prolonged discussion, or note points of particular interest or controversy, please give page references in the format illustrated at the end of the General Guidelines below.

Avoid footnotes if at all possible. Please use italics for emphasis. Do not indent paragraphs except when employing block quotes. Double space between paragraphs. Your review may be submitted in plain text, rich text format, html, or as an attachment. We prefer to receive attachments in Microsoft Word format, but other popular formats are acceptable. The review should be submitted to the book review editor.

Publishers: you may wish to contact one of the JGB's editors before sending us books for review. Books received unsolicited may not be reviewed and will not be returned to the sender.

Figures, Images, and Third-Party Materials

Figures should be high quality (minimum 300 dpi) and should be supplied in one of our preferred file formats: JPEG or TIFF. Microsoft Word (DOC or DOCX) files are acceptable for figures that have been drawn in Word. For the purposes of peer review, low-resolution artwork can be included in the submission file. For the purposes of publication, high-resolution files should be supplied to the layout editor.

Using Third-Party Material in your Paper
If you wish to include any material in your paper for which you do not hold copyright, you will need to obtain written permission from the copyright owner prior to submission.


Download the guide (PDF)

General guidelines

  • Articles must not be under consideration elsewhere, must not have been previously published
  • The JGB accepts US or UK English, but use consistent spelling and punctuation in your submissions (e.g., in US English, periods and commas go inside quotation marks, semicolons and colons go outside)
  • All submissions must arrive to the JGB editors as .doc or .docx Word files
  • If images are included in the submission, please also send each image separately as .jpg file in highest resolution possible


  • Use serial commas
  • 1500s, not 1500’s; 1960s, not sixties or 1960’s
  • Commas after “e.g.” and “i.e.”
  • En dashes between numerals, e.g., 1–3. 1995–2001
  • Em dashes for breaks in sentences (with no spaces before or after them)


  • For parenthetical abbreviations of secondary languages, specify Sanskrit with “Sk.,” Chinese with “Ch.,” Korean with “Kor.,” Japanese with “Jp,” and Tibetan with “Tib.” For others please use either a two- or three-letter abbreviation that identifies the language as clearly as possible.
  • Unpointed abbreviations: PhD, not Ph.D.
  • Where possible, and especially for longer serial or compilation titles used in the body of the text, use abbreviations and specify conventions at the top of the article draft (e.g. using KDZ rather than Kōgyō Daishi zenshū)


  • Write out numbers one to ninety-nine; put numbers 100 and over in numerals (but percentages are exceptions, thus 36 percent)
  • Write out approximations in place of numbers (e.g., around eight hundred)
  • chapter one, chapter two, etc., not chap. 1 or Chapter One or Chapter 1
  • seventh century, not Seventh Century or 7th Century
  • Use BCE, not BC (e.g., 621 BCE)
  • March 5, not March 5th
  • Change fractions to decimals where possible
  • Fully write out numerical sequences. Thus, 232–238, not 232–38; similarly, 1980–1984, not 1980–84

Formatting and Style

  • Each new paragraph is indented, except for the first paragraph of any new section
  • Boldface all sub-headings
  • Space between initials in a name (e.g., J. P. Smith)
  • Put conference titles such as “Buddhism and Human Rights” in quotation marks, not italics
  • Leave titles such as “copy editor” in lower case (unless used in a heading)
  • Footnotes, when used, should only contain substantive information and kept short
  • Provide full names of all authors cited at first mention. Thereafter, use surname only

Foreign languages

  • Italicize all technical terms in Buddhist and other languages, excepting proper names.
  • Use roman type without diacritical marks for terms that have been accepted into English and other western languages (e.g., samsara, Pali). (When in doubt, confer with your editor regarding the Anglicization of technical terms)
  • Use roman type for Buddhist scripture titles if translated (e.g., Lotus Sūtra); use italics whether transliterated or translated (e.g., Saddharma Puṇḍarīka Sūtra or Lotus Sūtra)
  • See below for policies on diacritics and CJK characters.

Sanskrit and Pali Transliteration

  • Employ diacritical marks in all non-Anglicized technical terms, including individual and group names (e.g., Sōka Gakkai)
  • With regard to Sanskrit and Pali, follow the transliteration forms in the Sanskrit-English Dictionary by Monier-Williams, the Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary by Edgerton, and the Pali-English Dictionary by Rhys Davids and William Stede.
  • Transliterate following the International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration:
    • Long vowels take macrons: ā, ī, ō, ū
    • Consonantal diacritics take points below; thus write retroflex consonants: ṛ, ṭ, ṭh, ḍ, ḍh, ṇ, ṃ, ṣ
    • The visarga takes a dot below: ḥ
    • The palatal n takes a tilde: ñ
    • The two sibilant consonants diverge: ṣ and ś
    • The guttural nasal takes a point above: ṅ, as does the anusvāra nasal: ṁ
    • The danda has its own glyph: ।

Use of CJK Scripts

  • Contributors may supply CJK glyphs for longer translated passages if they wish. In this case, include them as footnotes, not in the inline text. Inline, at least include an English translation and a transliteration of the passage.
  • Provide Chinese characters inline at only the initial mention of a person, place name, or technical term. Thereafter, provide only the romanization
  • Do not provide characters for terms now commonly found in the English lexicon (e.g., ginseng, qi, Shinto, kami) unless they comprise part of a footnoted CJK passage or textual reference
  • Generally, use simplified Chinese characters unless traditional characters are used in the modern context to which the author refers
  • Characters should be used when referencing a name, place, technical term, or the title of a work. For titles of written works, the author need not translate into English unless it is necessary to address a point regarding the title or translation. Otherwise, use only the characters and romanization of written works
  • Characters for names, places, and technical terms should follow the romanization, even when providing an initial English translation. For example, Mount Hiei (Hieizan 比叡山)
  • If you must use a non-unicode script in a manuscript, send it as a separate file along with the manuscript submission

Romanizing CJK Scripts

  • For Chinese, use Pinyin system (without tone marks) for romanization. For Japanese, use the Modified Hepburn system for romanization. For Korean, use the McCune-Reischauer system for romanization. For details on the romanization of other scripts, please refer to ALA-LC specifications
  • For Japanese romanization use macrons for long vowels (e.g., Sōtō, Dōgen)
  • For Japanese syllable divisions use an apostrophe only when necessary to distinguish the n/ん syllables (e.g., Man’yōshū). For compounds, avoid the use of hyphens (e.g., use hōe or hō e, not hō-e)

References and In-text Citations

  • Title the list of cited sources as “References”
  • List all items alphabetically, beginning with author surname
  • Please see the following examples for the general JGB reference style for secondary sources, which follows Chicago style:

Schopen, Gregory. 1997. Bones, Stones, and Buddhist Monks: Collected Papers on the Archaeology, Epigraphy, and Texts of Monastic Buddhism in India. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

[Multi-author volumes]

Zeller, Benjamin E., Marie W. Dallam, Reid L. Neilson, and Nora L. Rubel, eds. 2014. Religion, Food, and Eating in North America. New York: Columbia University Press.

[Chapters from edited volumes]

Hickey, Shannon. 2015. “Two Buddhisms, Three Buddhisms, and Racism.” In Buddhism Beyond Borders, Scott Mitchell and Natalie Quli, eds.: 35–56. Albany: State University of New York Press.


Heller, Natasha. 2014. “Buddha in a Box: The Materiality of Recitation in Contemporary Chinese Buddhism.” Material Religion 10 (3): 294–314.


Maschi, David. 2016. “How Income Varies Among U.S. Religious Groups.” Washington D.C.: Pew Research Center. (Date accessed).


Jun, Guo. 2013. “A Special Transmission: Teachings from the Heart of the Chan Buddhist Tradition.” Tricycle Magazine. Spring Issue. (Date accessed).

  • Place punctuation inside quotation marks in references
  • For repeated authors in references: oldest source first, repeat full name for further references, rather than using “———”
  • In the references section only, please provide CJK romanization for non-Anglicized references, followed by parenthetical English translations. Note that this rule deviates from the general rule above about CJK in prose sections, and this rule stands for both primary and secondary sources. See example below:

Hossoku shū 法則集 (Collection of Ritual Procedures). 1975. Comp. Yūkō 宥皓 (ca. 1671). In Shingonshū shohōe gisoku shūsei 真言宗諸法会儀則集成 (Collected Protocols for Various Dharma Assemblies of the Shingon School), ed. Inaya Yūsen 稲谷裕宣, 153–84. Okayama: Jōrakuji.

  • JGB editors would rather see full names in the references list. Sometimes it may be necessary to leave a reference list with just the initials in the interest of getting an article published more quickly. When doing this, the JGB follows Chicago style, e.g., Tolkien, J. R. R. 1947
  • The JGB differs from Chicago style in citing and referencing works by Buddhist clergy by given name, not title. Thus, in-text: (Bodhi 2010), not (Bhikkhu 2010). In references: Bhikkhu Bodhi. 2010. Note that this would be alphabetized by Bodhi, not Bhikkhu, much as The New York Times would be alphabetized under N, not T
  • The JGB makes exceptions to the previous rule for well-known figures. For example: (Dalai Lama 2010); in references: The Dalai Lama. 2010, alphabetized under D
  • Italicize book titles and titles of other similarly large-scale works, enclose article titles and the like in quotation marks.
  • Social media citations may not need inclusion in references; if included, treat as articles and include URLs, but not date of access
For in-text citations, the JGB uses a modified version of Chicago Author-date style for citations with page numbers: While Chicago style would be (Tolkien 1947, 83), we use a colon instead of comma, (Tolkien 1947: 83).
Details on Chicago citation style can be found here:
Download our style guide here (PDF).

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